Rendering Beeswax

 

“Crush and strain” is a perfect method for a small scale beekeeper to extract honey.  This method also yields a higher quantity of wax than standard capping and extracting methods since the entire comb is used and not just the caps. It requires little to no investment, and believe it or not, top quality honey and wax can be extracted/produced with items you already have in your kitchen. After a horrendous first year of beekeeping bloopers back in 2012, I have found some items that have helped to resolve my crush and strain woes.

Here are a few tips from someone who has learned the hard way:

  • Always use cold water when rinsing beeswax before processing. Never hot. While hot water may seem like a quicker way to remove honey residue from crushed comb it only serves to compound the mess. Beeswax melts quickly and can and will ruin all of your utensils and your kitchen and your life..which brings me to my next point.
  • Have a dedicated wax rendering tool set. That ugly pot in the video up there? $4 at bargain mart. Wax is it’s sole purpose. I’ve been using it to render beeswax for years now, and this thing has seen some serious abuse. Abuse I would never ever put my daily kitchen set through.
  • Wax rendering is a job left best in the garage or the barn, or outside, just not in your kitchen.
  • Beeswax is highly flammable so use caution. Do NOT let kids do this.
  • Yes…you can use a microwave but it takes for-eh-ver, the heat is uneven, and in my opinion it doesn’t smell as “bee-like” as it does using the hot water bath method.

Now that we have all that cleared up, lets get to the tutorial!

Crushed and rinsed honey comb ready for rendering.

*This tutorial begins assuming you have already crushed your honeycomb, strained the honey and are now in possession of a pile of crumbled comb free of honey. (A honey crush and strain tutorial is on the docket for spring)

  • Rinse and dry comb that has been strained of honey and place in a pint or quart sized jar depending on how much comb you have
  • Bring a small sauce pan ½ full of water to a boil, then place the jar of comb in the boiling water and allow it to melt. You may have to poke it down and stir it every now and then. (I like to use a chop stick for this.) until is it totally melted, it can take some time depending on the quantity you are melting.
  • While all of that is happening, grab an old pair of panty hose and cut the toe end off at about 6 inches. Slide the hosiery over a vessel you wish to strain the melted wax into. (I use silicone measuring cups for an easy pour spout and simple clean up).
  • Once melted, pour wax through panty hose. We are straining the wax to remove impurities such as straw or bee fragments…it happens every now and then. You’ll also get teeny tiny amounts of propolis and pollen. You can toss it or you can save it to make a propolis tincture when you have enough.
  • Pour strained wax into prepared wax molds. You can buy molds that say “beeswax” in pre-measured sizes or you can use silicone molds, or an old muffin tin (FYI: 1 beeswax muffin puck weighs approximately 2.5 ounces in case you were wondering.)
  • Let wax cool completely before removing from molds. And SNIFF! Ah! Nothing smells better! Store in a cool dry place.
  • After some time passes you may notice that your wax develops a cloudy coating as it cures. This is called “bloom” and it is perfectly harmless.

The average going rate for beeswax is $5.00 per ounce…if you can bear to actually sell any.

Since some of you may be wondering why I “rinsed the honey residue” from the crushed comb when many people like to place their comb on a pan in the apiary and allow the bees to clean the comb for them.  My reasoning is simple:  This action promotes a behavior called “robbing”, it’s when bees from other hives come and steal resources from another hive.  Robbing also calls attention to our rather large population of Bald Faced Hornets we have in close proximity.  Bald Faced Hornets come and rob the crushed comb intended for the honey bees, then when they have exhausted that pile of free food they wage war on our bee hives, killing and eating the bees, the larvae, and the honey.  Bald Faced Hornets have killed a few of our hives in the past (hives that were new and trying to establish themselves), for this reason I forego the gesture and clean the comb myself.

 

A Winter Solstice Celebration

The winter solstice, also known as “Midwinter” and “The Longest Night” marks the astronomical beginning of winter as well as the shortest day and longest night of the year. After this date (occurring between the 20th-22nd   of December each year) our daylight hours will begin to get longer, but we still have three more months of winter until spring. We decided to begin a new tradition to celebrate not only the winter season, but our neighborhood wildlife that we get so much joy from observing throughout the year.

Suet cake in a re-purposed mug!

Winter marks the beginning of a time of hardship for our wild friends, even though they are perfectly equipped to cope with the harsh outdoor environment, food is not as plentiful as it is in the summer months. So to give them a little boost this is when we hang our suet feeders, peanut cages, and keep our seed feeders full. To make it a little more special we chose a tree in our yard to decorate with some festive treats too!

A string of popcorn and cranberries!
Cranberry & Orange Ornament

Popcorn Strings!: Since these are for wild birds that could be harmed by ingesting string or thread, I chose to string our popcorn on a length of wire.  Birds wont be able to take any with them when they grab a kernel and it eliminates the needle from the equation making this a kid friendly project! We popped plain popcorn in a pot on the stove with a bit of melted tallow instead of our usual bacon fat (yes we really do that and it is amazing). For a splash of color and a little vitamin C and moisture for our feathery friends I added fresh cranberries to the strings, as well as orange slices.

A Polar Bear Bird ‘Cookie”

Bird Friendly “Cookies” are also on the menu Preheat your oven to 350 and combine in the bowl of a food processor until very sticky:

1 cup dried dates & dehydrated apples

½ cup oatmeal

½ cup raisins

¼ unsalted sunflower seeds

¼ cup meal worms (optional)

Transfer mixture to a large bowl and add two Tablespoons natural peanut butter, and one Tablespoon raw honey, stir until thoroughly incorporated, mixture will become hard to stir.  Press into cookie cutter shapes and bake for 20 minutes. Cool, string on wire and hang.

Don’t Forget Good Ole Rabbit: For our very plentiful population of wild rabbits, carrots and apples will be roughly chopped and placed in areas they are known to frequent. Corn cobs will be added to our squirrel feeder…maybe now they’ll stay out of our garage.

What about water? A lot of people express concern about where birds get water in the winter when all fresh water sources are frozen. Rest assured that their water requirements are met by eating snow and wild berries and fruit. But an open water source is always appreciated. You can find various heated bird baths available on the market and you may find that your yard becomes a hot bed of wild bird activity. Purchase a low to the ground bath if you wish to give your rabbit visitors a drink as well.

But where do they sleep?  I have often found myself wondering this same question on blustery cold nights.  Much like our chickens in the coop, wild birds roost together in large groups to conserve heat. They choose tree cavities, the root balls of upturned trees, and the eves and rafters of old barns.  Some species of wild birds will over-winter as a family in the birdhouse they claimed in the spring, so you may want to think twice before you clean it out at the end of the year. – I’d even use it as an excuse to leave that brush pile until spring.  Bird watchers can catch wild birds roosting just after sunset.

A note regarding the special treats mentioned in this article: The popcorn strings, and bird cookies will only be presented on this day until they are gone and they will not be available to wildlife the entire season to prevent dependence on them. If you live in an area that prohibits the feeding of wildlife, please observe these rules as they are there to protect not only the wildlife, but you and your family as well.

Homemade Suet Cakes

Our family loves wildlife and we spend a lot of time looking out the windows watching the birds. Slowly our boys are learning some of the more easily identifiable species, like robins and cardinals. Not too shabby for two year olds!  To keep our avian entertainment steady we hang bird feeders. When the weather starts getting cooler with winter around the corner I like to provide suet cakes. Suet cakes provide a high energy, easily digestible food source which is invaluable in winter months when regular meals can be harder to find. They are also really easy to make yourself! Since they are made from beef fat (suet) and they can go rancid sitting on a store shelf for months at a time coupled with the fact that ingredients like peanuts and fruit can support mold growth, Serious birders recommend making your own suet cakes rather than purchasing them. Oh! And they cost about .50 cents each to make, so if that doesn’t push you over the edge on your decision I don’t know what would. Take care to only feed suet cakes in the winter months when temperatures are freezing. Feeding suet in warm weather can cause birds belly feathers to get coated in suet during nesting season. When they sit on their eggs the suet can coat the porous shells of their eggs, thereby preventing the embryo from getting the oxygen it needs for proper development.

Beef suet that has been rendered (a product now called “tallow”) that has been cooled then cut into chunks to be used in various applications.

You can visit your favorite butcher and ask for suet by the pound, it’s really cheap. I like to buy 5 pounds at a time and I ask them to cut it up into small chunks, or better yet grind it up for me. Then I put it in the crock pot on low until it is melted (there will be some solid pieces floating around) then using a paper towel lined mesh strainer, strain the now rendered suet into a bowl. Toss out the solid pieces – that is of course unless you enjoy cracklin’s… From here you can go straight to making your suet cakes.

Add 5 cups birdseed to 4 cups melted suet.
Allow the mixture to cool until it begins to turn opaque. This helps the seeds to stay suspended in the fat.

 

Working in small batches, stir 5 cups of birdseed into 4 cups melted suet. Let this mixture set until the suet begins to cool and turn slightly opaque, then stir it well to make sure the seed is evenly disbursed. This ensures that all the seed will stay suspended in the suet rather than sinking to the bottom. Pour mixture into a paper milk carton with the top cut off to make suet cakes to fit in square suet feeders. Allow it to cool at room temperature on your counter, or to speed the process place it in your fridge. When they are solid cut away the paper carton, allow them to come to room temperature and cut into 1 ½ inch chunks with a hot knife just like an ice cream cake! My favorite way to make these is to pour the suet mixture into a mini bundt or doughnut pan to make wreaths, and there is no cutting involved! They make awesome gifts for any bird lover! Store finished suet cakes in the fridge or freezer until needed. – The “flavor” possibilities are endless too, add peanuts and peanut butter, meal worms, cranberries, dried fruits, and any variety of seeds you wish!

Cut the suet cakes with a hot knife
Homemade Suet Cakes
Alternately, you can pour the suet mixture into molds that make for easy hanging.

I hope your family enjoys making these as much as we do!

SUET CAKE RECIPE:

4 Cups rendered beef suet

5 Cups Bird Seed mixture of preference

Cranberries, peanuts, peanut butter, meal worms, dried fruit of your choice (optional)

Yield: 1 paper carton = about 4 suet cakes or 6 mini bundt wreaths

Working in small batches, stir 5 cups of birdseed into 4 cups melted suet. Let this mixture set until the suet begins to cool and turn slightly opaque, then stir it well to make sure the seed is evenly disbursed. This ensures that all the seed will stay suspended in the suet rather than sinking to the bottom. Pour mixture into a paper milk carton with the top cut off to make suet cakes to fit in square suet feeders. Allow it to cool at room temperature on your counter, or to speed the process place it in your fridge. When they are solid cut away the paper carton, allow them to come to room temperature and cut into 1 ½ inch chunks with a hot knife just like an ice cream cake! Or pour into mini bundt or donut pans.