Rendering Beeswax

 

“Crush and strain” is a perfect method for a small scale beekeeper to extract honey.  This method also yields a higher quantity of wax than standard capping and extracting methods since the entire comb is used and not just the caps. It requires little to no investment, and believe it or not, top quality honey and wax can be extracted/produced with items you already have in your kitchen. After a horrendous first year of beekeeping bloopers back in 2012, I have found some items that have helped to resolve my crush and strain woes.

Here are a few tips from someone who has learned the hard way:

  • Always use cold water when rinsing beeswax before processing. Never hot. While hot water may seem like a quicker way to remove honey residue from crushed comb it only serves to compound the mess. Beeswax melts quickly and can and will ruin all of your utensils and your kitchen and your life..which brings me to my next point.
  • Have a dedicated wax rendering tool set. That ugly pot in the video up there? $4 at bargain mart. Wax is it’s sole purpose. I’ve been using it to render beeswax for years now, and this thing has seen some serious abuse. Abuse I would never ever put my daily kitchen set through.
  • Wax rendering is a job left best in the garage or the barn, or outside, just not in your kitchen.
  • Beeswax is highly flammable so use caution. Do NOT let kids do this.
  • Yes…you can use a microwave but it takes for-eh-ver, the heat is uneven, and in my opinion it doesn’t smell as “bee-like” as it does using the hot water bath method.

Now that we have all that cleared up, lets get to the tutorial!

Crushed and rinsed honey comb ready for rendering.

*This tutorial begins assuming you have already crushed your honeycomb, strained the honey and are now in possession of a pile of crumbled comb free of honey. (A honey crush and strain tutorial is on the docket for spring)

  • Rinse and dry comb that has been strained of honey and place in a pint or quart sized jar depending on how much comb you have
  • Bring a small sauce pan ½ full of water to a boil, then place the jar of comb in the boiling water and allow it to melt. You may have to poke it down and stir it every now and then. (I like to use a chop stick for this.) until is it totally melted, it can take some time depending on the quantity you are melting.
  • While all of that is happening, grab an old pair of panty hose and cut the toe end off at about 6 inches. Slide the hosiery over a vessel you wish to strain the melted wax into. (I use silicone measuring cups for an easy pour spout and simple clean up).
  • Once melted, pour wax through panty hose. We are straining the wax to remove impurities such as straw or bee fragments…it happens every now and then. You’ll also get teeny tiny amounts of propolis and pollen. You can toss it or you can save it to make a propolis tincture when you have enough.
  • Pour strained wax into prepared wax molds. You can buy molds that say “beeswax” in pre-measured sizes or you can use silicone molds, or an old muffin tin (FYI: 1 beeswax muffin puck weighs approximately 2.5 ounces in case you were wondering.)
  • Let wax cool completely before removing from molds. And SNIFF! Ah! Nothing smells better! Store in a cool dry place.
  • After some time passes you may notice that your wax develops a cloudy coating as it cures. This is called “bloom” and it is perfectly harmless.

The average going rate for beeswax is $5.00 per ounce…if you can bear to actually sell any.

Since some of you may be wondering why I “rinsed the honey residue” from the crushed comb when many people like to place their comb on a pan in the apiary and allow the bees to clean the comb for them.  My reasoning is simple:  This action promotes a behavior called “robbing”, it’s when bees from other hives come and steal resources from another hive.  Robbing also calls attention to our rather large population of Bald Faced Hornets we have in close proximity.  Bald Faced Hornets come and rob the crushed comb intended for the honey bees, then when they have exhausted that pile of free food they wage war on our bee hives, killing and eating the bees, the larvae, and the honey.  Bald Faced Hornets have killed a few of our hives in the past (hives that were new and trying to establish themselves), for this reason I forego the gesture and clean the comb myself.

 

Chamomile Bee Tea

Chamomile blooms
Herbal ChamomileTea

The dandelions are out, and so are the honeybees! Spring is officially here in beekeeper land. But it can still get a little cold in southern Michigan; in fact, I prefer to play it safe and consider our last frost date for Zone 5 is May 21st, so we still aren’t out of the woods yet. It’s a great idea to make some sugar syrup to give to your bees this time of year as a nearby food source to help them take on these roller-coaster temperatures. It’s an even better idea to give your bees Bee Tea!

So, why Chamomile Bee Tea and not a regular 1:1 sugar syrup? Chamomile Herbal Tea is made up of the dried, flowering body of the chamomile plant. The cool thing about this is that there is some pollen still hanging out in these dried up little flowers, and bees need pollen to get all of their necessary vitamins and minerals. So this chamomile herbal tea paired with sugar is a great food option for our buzzy friends in these hard times of cold temperatures.

Please note: sugar syrup is an inferior food source for bees, and nothing man can cobble together will match nectar from real flowers. I do not like to rely heavily on sugar syrup, but I find that during seasonal shifts and for new or struggling colonies, this Bee Tea can give them a hand up.

I highly recommend using loose leaf tea for this application rather than tea bags (though they will work just fine if that’s what you have on hand). The chamomile will be more intact since it hasn’t gone through as much processing as the bagged sort, and it is almost always a higher quality tea.

What you will need:

• Tea kettle
• Mesh tea strainer
• Teapot or heat-safe brewing vessel
• Large jar (I use a half-gallon canning jar, but any size will do depending on the amount you are making)
• Granulated sugar
• Loose leaf chamomile tea or chamomile tea bags

For those that may be curious, 1:1 means that if I used 1 cup of water I will have to dissolve 1 cup of sugar to create this solution. In this recipe I will be making four cups of tea, so I must use four cups of sugar. This recipe can be made in any quantity, large or small, depending on your particular needs.

How To Do It:

Begin by measuring the required amount of water and add it to your tea kettle. Let it come to a boil. Then add the tea to your mesh strainer and place the strainer into your brewing vessel. (My teapot will make four cups of tea, which requires four tablespoons of loose leaf tea.) Pour the boiling water into the brewing vessel and allow the tea to steep for five minutes. While the tea is steeping, put four cups of sugar into your large jar. When the tea is done steeping and still very hot, pour it into the jar and stir to dissolve the sugar; you will know that the sugar is completely dissolved when the mixture no longer looks foggy but is golden and clear.

Pouring steeped tea
Adding Tea

Jar of chamomile tea
Stirring To Dissolve

Allow the Bee Tea to cool completely before adding it to your feeder and giving it to your bees. If you have extra, you can pop it into the fridge and refill your bee feeder as needed. Discard any excess Bee Tea after five days have passed.

Wondering what to use as a bee feeder?  You can pick up a small chick waterer from TSC, Rural King or any place else that sells poultry equipment for about $3.  Wash the feeder in warm soapy water and rinse well before adding the Bee Tea to it.  Before placing your new feeder in your apiary, locate a flat surface to place it ( I like to use a chunk of log from the wood pile) and collect a handful of smallish rocks.  Flip the feeder and place it on the log, then put the rocks in the trough, this will give the bees something to sit on or use to help them out if they happen to fall into the Bee Tea.  You may be wondering why I don’t place it directly inside the hive since many beekeepers feed inside the hive, and my reasoning is this;  Ants and Bees have a symbiotic relationship and no matter what we do there will usually be ants around our hives however I feel that putting sugar syrups directly inside the hive give ants a free pass and they can become a bigger nuisance to the bees than they normally would, and in my experience over time they can pull the hives health down because of the distraction they create. SO I feed exclusively outside the hive, a few feet away from it.

Have fun watching your girls enjoy their little Bee Tea Party!

Mistakes Are How We Improve

Apple Cider Vinegar
Jars of apple cores and peels ready for fermentation.

Sometimes homesteading can feel like a giant blooper reel. At some point in your journey you are going to feel like a complete moron more than just once, it’s an inescapable fact of this green-growing, furry, feathery life we live. I have taken some time to list a couple things that I have totally screwed up and learned from. Maybe it will take the sting out of some of your mistakes.

Apple Cider Vinegar
You may remember my post about making applesauce last year and how I rattled on about making apple cider vinegar from my peels and cores. After we made all that applesauce and prepared all the peels and cores that we could fit into our big 1/2 gallon jars I was feeling pretty high on life. ACV, after all, is pretty easy make. I researched different ways to make it and I was confident that I chose the route right for me. All I needed was peels and cores, water to top off the jars, cheesecloth, and a big ole rubber band, a warm dark place, and time. About a week after I got the process going I discovered that my ACV had bubbled over and made a mess on the floor; turns out the room was much too warm and also that I had filled up my jars too full of water. If a smelly sticky mess on the floor wasn’t bad enough two weeks or so later I went down to do a taste test and possibly filter and bottle my ACV and discovered that some of the jars had become a nursery to roughly a bazillion fruit flies … INSIDE the jars under the cheesecloth. Turns out I needed to layer my cheesecloth a little bit thicker than just two ply. Next time I plan on using a flour sack towel. All in all I ended up with 1 jar of usable vinegar. If you want a great book on things to do with apple cider check out

 

Trellising
This year will make my 8th garden. In that time I have tried just about every single method of trellising that I could come up with. All of them were miserable failures. I love those photos in the gardening magazines with the plants neatly growing up string and bamboo posts. I quickly realized that while those string methods of trellising may work well for others they do not work for me. I lack the time, and patience. Any strong wind would knock over all my hard work. I ended up using a roll of fencing zip tied to T-posts for my peas to grow up. It ain’t pretty but it’s sturdy.

The Chicken Tractor
I could go on for days about how chicken tractors are not what they are cracked up to be. Don’t get me wrong, they certainly have their place and I love the concept. Fresh grass! Safety! Super cute! We ordered a totally adorable fancy chicken tractor from some page we found on the internet. It’s got a nice roofed detachable run and the floor has trays that you pull out to make cleaning easier and four nest boxes, and wheels to push it around the yard. Except this puppy is heavy and it is a total five-letter-word to move around the yard. The ramp going from the coop to the run was fixed, not hinged, so to move the tractor you had to have two people … one holding the coop up while the other pulled the run out of the way. The handles to move the tractor are on the same side as the run attaches on so it’s awkward to pick up and move out of the way. And you have no choice but to move it to a new location twice every day because the run is so small the birds eat and scratch the grass down to dirt in a couple hours. Now that we have our big coop our tractor is used as a maternity ward, broody breaker or integration pen depending on the need. But it serves as a constant (expensive) reminder that what looks good in theory is not always good in practice.

Crush and Strain
The first year that I harvested honey it came at a totally unexpected time…a huge tree fell on my first hive crushing it (…like, seriously?! UGH!) So I was totally unprepared for the task. It’s fair to say that I had no real idea what was involved. At that time my kitchen had brown shag carpet in it. I had the gist of it, you get the honey comb and you crush it, then you strain out the wax chunks. No big deal. No one told me that everything in the house would be sticky. Someone told me they used a big potato masher to crush their comb. After I busted my METAL potato masher I grabbed my lunch lady gloves and started crushing by hand. Turns out the gloves were the only thing I had right. I then used a flour sack towel to strain the honey because I could not find cheesecloth anywhere in any store at the time! And while it was effective it was painfully slow. That was 4 years ago. Crush and strain is a slow process anyhow, but these days the straining takes significantly less time. After that first year my husband made me a honey press and I found a reliable source for cheesecloth. This year I got a mesh strainer that fits over a 5 gallon bucket after my father-in-law got one, and dang, does that thing make quick work out of straining.  I highly recommend getting one. I had my highest honey yield yet because of the combination of the strainer and honey press.

Wax
The big benefit of crushing and straining your honey is that you get a lot more wax that way. The first time I processed wax from my honey I used my hot water bath canner. STUPID. I knew how to do it. What I didn’t know how much of a pain it was to clean up. I got my job done and the wax was cooling in a bucket into a giant puck. Then I noticed that I had a nice lemon yellow ring inside the canner. Nothing, and I mean nothing, got it off. I scoured Google for an answer and failed. I chalked it up to a learning experience. Now I use an old garage sale crock-pot for wax processing. I also recommend using silicone measuring cups and molds when working with wax. You can peel the wax right off, making clean up a lot easier.

These are only a few. I hope that my mistakes maybe made you feel better about some of yours. I can say I don’t regret them (except maybe the water bath canner …) because I learned from my screw-ups and I do things a better way now and I always feel like my methods are improving. Bottom line! Don’t give up just because you failed, or did something the hard way. No one is perfect.